Not only need prevent of blindness,but also pay more attention to protect your eyes
This year the WHO released data show that there are around 285 million visually impaired patients, which caused by pathogenic factors can prevent the disease burden of up to 80%, each of the 5 visually impaired people, there are 4 people suffering from the disease can avoid visual impairment, 90% visually impaired people living in developing countries. WHO and the International Association for prevention: joint efforts to eliminate avoidable blindness.
Prevention of blindness and eye protection are equally important
People get from the outside through the sensory information, about 90% are from the eye to complete, at the same time, eyes still reflect the state of human body window, many eye diseases are part of a systemic disease, such as diabetes, hypertension will appear in fundus disease characteristics. However, the eye structure is fine and the vertical diameter is only 23mm of the eyeball. At present, more than 500 kinds of eye diseases are known, which are harmful to people's vision health. According to the national prevention office data released in 2006, the new year Chinese appeared blind about 450,000 people, 1,350,000 people of low vision.
Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Professor Zhao Jialiang, introduced that eye health in the modern sense has three meanings in itself. One is that people with eye diseases can be treated in time so that their eyes are no longer blind. The two is that the patients who have no treatment can not be cured can be recovered, keep their residual visual function, and better adapt to the society. The three is that everyone who needs eye care can get eye care service in time.
In 1984, the establishment of national office of the Ministry of health. In 1997, the first China visual action vigorously, on improving the eye doctor at all levels of academic conferences and workshops of booming development, with the deepening of reform and opening-up, the international leading academic concept and the drugs into the China, greatly promoted China's academic development in the field of ophthalmology.
Innovation of science and technology brings a change of discipline
In recent 30 years, the basic and clinical level of ophthalmology in China has been greatly improved. Ophthalmology has become one of the fastest growing clinical disciplines from the growth of professional doctors and the vigorous development of departments and specialized hospitals. The eye doctor in the last century in 60s a few thousand people, according to the International Council of Ophthalmology (ICO) survey, 2012 to 28 thousand professional doctor; from 1986 to 2010 of 25 years, won the National Natural Science Foundation (NSFC) funded project of Ophthalmology of as many as 593; Chinese doctors in International published SCI (Science Citation Index) the number increased year by year, and the international rankings continue to rise, in 2012, China ophthalmologist SCI published the article accounted for 17.22% of the global total, by 2012, Chinese has become one of the SCI articles published in Ophthalmology; rapid progress of new technology, new drugs and advanced surgical equipment, basic research led to the comprehensive development of the field of Ophthalmology, phacoemulsification and intraocular lens implantation, vitreous body resection in diagnosis and treatment of eye doctors in China skills popularization, 2013, China's defense The number of disabled operations reached nearly 1,600,000cases. The anti fundus neovascularization drugs, represented by reacumumab, have entered China for 5 years to save more than 10 million patients' eyesight.
Take it easy for new ophthalmic diseases
With the improvement of science and technology, the improvement of medical level and the gradual improvement of people's health consciousness, many traditional blindness eye diseases have been conquered. Today, the new spectrum of eye diseases and new challenges are coming. The incidence of age related diseases, metabolic related diseases is increasing rapidly, and ophthalmic diseases are particularly prominent.
Professor Xu Xun, the vice president and ophthalmology director of the first people's Hospital of Shanghai Jiao Tong University, said that the three leading blinding eye diseases identified by WHO -- cataract, glaucoma and macular degeneration are still rampant in China. Many fundus diseases, represented by macular degeneration, have become silent killers, such as diabetic retinopathy and pathological myopia, which are increasingly threatening the health of the people. Compared with the treatment of cataract and the characteristics of severe pain and rapid visual loss, the pain free and itchy fundus diseases seem to be more hidden and irreversible. The high complexity of the fundus disease, the large population of the disease and the low public awareness are the three major problems facing the medical and nursing circles in the ophthalmology department.
Our country from the past to the prevention of blindness, now generally pay attention to eye health, eye health has become an important part of health Chinese construction. Under the leadership of the government, the spirit of R & D and innovation, and the efforts of all walks of life, it is necessary to believe that the new eye disease can be overcome.